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Infertility in Men and Women

Infertility in Men and Women

Infertility can be a huge fear for many expectant mothers and fathers. What are the causes of infertility and can infertility be cured?

What causes infertility?
Conception is an intricate process where ovulation, sperm production and fertilization need to be optimal for pregnancy to happen. If both partners, the male partner or the female partner suffer from hormonal imbalances or fertility difficulties, medical intervention and treatment is needed.

Is infertility more common in women?
Contrary to common belief, infertility is equally present in both male and female partners. In reported infertility cases, only one third involved the female partner only, a third involved the male partner only, and a third involved both partners.

What are common causes of infertility in men?
Infertility in men depends on the health of the sperm, its mobility, and ability to fertilize the egg. Causes of male infertility include:

  • Abnormal sperm production or function
  • Poor nutrition and/or obesity
  • Use of alcohol, tobacco and/or drugs
  • Exposure to radiation include chemotherapy
  • Thyroid or hormonal imbalances
  • Side effects from prescribed medications

What are common causes of infertility in women?

  • Ovulation disorders preventing egg release from the ovaries due to past injury, tumors, excessive exercise or low calorie intake
  • Damage or blockage of the Fallopian tubes
  • Uterine fibroids or pelvic adhesions
  • Hormonal imbalances especially elevated prolactin levels
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Thyroid problems
  • Side effects from prescribed medications

Can infertility be cured?
Depending on the cause of infertility, a man or woman may be able to conceive with special procedures, dietary changes and medications. Some causes of infertility such as birth defects and sperm health can be permanent. Your doctor will be able to assess the situation and present possible options for conception and pregnancy.

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