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Eye Allergies

Eye Allergies

Eye allergies are very common among children. The medical umbrella term for eye allergies is Allergic Conjunctivitis. Similar to nasal allergies, an eye allergy is triggered by an immune reaction to an allergen in the direct environment such as dust, pet dander, grass and weeds, and plant pollen.

Types

Eye allergies are divided into two types: seasonal allergies lasting for a short period of time –
known as Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis (SAC) and allergies lasting all year long –known as Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis (PAC).

Causes

The conjunctiva is a clear layer of skin overlying the eyes and is sensitive to allergens in the
direct environment. It is identical to the lining tissue inside the nose. When the eye is exposed to an allergen, the body reacts to fight off this allergen and eliminate it resulting in various symptoms such as excessive mucous production and tearing.

Triggers
  • Dust
  • Pet dander
  • Grass and weeds
  • Plant Pollen
  • Mold
Symptoms
  • Redness and tearing of the eyes
  • Burning eyes and blurred vision
  • Excessive mucous production in the nose
Diagnosis

Your pediatrician can determine why your child is suffering from an eye allergy. Consult with your pediatrician for a physical exam where he/she will conduct a routine checkup or refer you to a specialist.

Treatment

You cannot cure an eye allergy, but you can help keep your child away from allergens in the environment. Your pediatrician may prescribe eye drop to reduce symptoms. Do not give your child any over-the- counter eye drops before consulting with your pediatrician or ophthalmologist.

Who Will Outgrow His Eye Allergies?
  • Some children will experience eye allergies as infants and young children but outgrow it as adults
  • Sometimes parents think their children have outgrown an allergy, but the truth of the matter it is due to the absence of the allergen
Are Eye Allergies Inherited?

Eye allergies are often genetic and inherited from family members. If one or more of your direct family members suffer from eye allergies, there's a huge chance your child will have it too. The severity of the allergy differs from one child to another.

Eye Allergy Statistics
  • 4% of all allergy sufferers worldwide have an eye allergy that is often triggered by the same allergen
 
 
 
 

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